Mackinac Bridge (Michigan) to test sensor technology

MSU Today, 20 September 2016

Contact(s): Tom Oswald , Nizar Lajnef , Patricia Mroczek

Some engineering professors had an idea to monitor bridges with sensors powered with the vibrations generated by traffic.

Those professors, including one from Michigan State University, think they have mastered the technology. But they needed a real-world platform to try it out.

And that’s why Nizar Lajnef, associate professor of civil and environmental engineering at MSU, and professor Shantanu Chakrabartty from Washington University in St. Louis (WUSTL) will place six of these prototype sensors beneath the iconic Mackinac Bridge.

It’s part of a demonstration project by MSU, WUSTL and the University of Southern California for the Federal Highway Administration.

“We could test this innovative technology on any number of bridges, but what location could be better than an engineering icon like the Mackinac Bridge?” Lajnef said.

Several features of these sensors make them attractive to infrastructure managers. Typically, sensors become maintenance issues, requiring battery changes or wiring to power sources. Because these sensors have no external power source they eliminate that issue.

They also don’t need wires to access their data. Instead, that information can be accessed wirelessly by someone driving over the bridge with a laptop.

“There is huge potential and benefit for sensors like these on structures beyond the Mackinac Bridge, and we’re excited these prototypes are being tested here,” said Bob Sweeney, executive secretary of the Mackinac Bridge Authority. “We meticulously maintain and inspect the bridge each year, and sensors like these will complement our efforts, giving us even more information on the bridge’s condition to help keep it well-maintained and safe for many years to come.”

Bridges are subject to nearly constant stress and loading as vehicles cross over, and for a bridge like the Mackinac Bridge, that can mean millions of data points gathered from a traditional sensor. Sweeney said these prototype sensors can be set to collect data in more specific ranges, making that data more manageable and meaningful.

“These sensors represent a long-term, low-cost solution for continuous condition assessment, and I’m confident they will offer solutions to extend the useful life of bridges and roads around our state and country,” Lajnef said.

If these prototype sensors perform as intended, more may be added to the Mackinac Bridge next year. Sensors also will be installed at other bridges in the Washington, D.C., area and Virginia as part of an FHWA demonstration project and a new National Science Foundation project.


Nizar Lajnef, associate professor of civil and environmental engineering at MSU, is leading a team of researchers that is placing a series of sensors on Michigan’s Mackinac Bridge. The prototype sensors are designed to monitor the iconic bridge’s infrastructure and are powered by the vibrations generated by traffic. Photo by G.L. Kohuth.

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